Mol. Wt.: 172.12
Appearance: White to Yellow Powder
Melting Point: 2,400° C Boiling Point:3,500° C
Density: 7.22 g/cm3
CAS No.: 1306-38-3
Cerium(IV) oxide is used in ceramics, to sensitize photosensitive glass, as a catalyst and as acatalyst support, to polish glass and stones, in lapidary as an alternative to "jeweller's rouge". It is also known as "optician's rouge".
It is also used in the walls of self-cleaning ovens as a hydrocarbon catalyst during the high-temperature cleaning process.
While it is transparent for visible light, it absorbs ultraviolet radiation strongly, so it is a prospective replacement of zinc oxide and titanium dioxide in sunscreens, as it has lowerphotocatalytic activity. However, its thermal catalytic properties have to be decreased by coating the particles with amorphous silica or boron nitride. The use of these nanoparticles, which can penetrate the body and reach internal organs, has been criticized as unsafe.
Cerium oxide has found use in infrared filters, as an oxidizing species in catalytic converters and as a replacement for thorium dioxide in incandescent mantles